It’s important to protect yourself by securing your devices, software, and connections, but making the right choices when doing things on the web can make a huge difference to your online safety.
Remember: Doing online stuff involves risks but you can reduce that risk by making the right choice.
Are you browsing safe?
You can stay safe when browsing the web by using a combination of preventive measures and making good choices online.
Tips for browsing safely-Protect your web browser
- Update your browser and any plugins
- Block Pop-ups
- Use an ad blocker
- Clear your web browser cookies and cache
- Use private browsing
Http vs Https
Really, there are two of those? Casual users rarely notice them, but both HTTP (http:/) and HTTPS (https:/) are options for starting a URL, even if you don’t want to find out how things work, we bet this one will expand your horizons. If you are interested in learning more about Internet security consider this your first lesson.
The main difference between HTTP and HTTPS protocol is that HTTP is not secure, while HTTPS is a secure protocol that uses TLS / SSL certificates for authentication purposes. Those are the domain alpha privative for URL and used for web server retrieval of web pages. More specifically, HTTP and HTTPS are used on the world wide web (www) to transfer hypertext documents.
What is Http: No Data Encryption Implemented
HTTP stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol. When you enter http:/ in your domain address bar it tells the user to connect via Http. HTTP uses TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) to send and receive data packets over the web, generally over port 80; Simply put, it’s a protocol that a client and server use to allow you to communicate with other websites. A request message is sent by the client to an HTTP server (after the TCP handshake) which hosts a website, and then the server responds with the reply. The response message contains information on completion status, such as HTTP/1.1 200 OK.
What is Https: Encrypted Connections
HTTPS stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (also known as HTTP over TLS or HTTP over SSL). In simple words, sites running over HTTPS will have a redirect in place so it will be redirected to deliver over a secured connection even if you type in http:/. HTTPS also uses TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) to send and receive data packets, but this is done over a port 443, within an encrypted connection to Transport Layer Security ( TLS).
Note: As discussed above, HTTPS helps to ensure cyber-safety. It is without any doubt a better solution to the network protocol than its older version, HTTP.
What is an SSL Certificate and TLS
SSL certificates establish an encrypted connection and build a trust.
SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) and its successor, TLS (Transport Layer Security), are protocols designed to establish authenticated and encrypted connections between networked computers. Although the SSL protocol was deprecated with the release of TLS 1.0 in 1999, comparison to these related technologies as “SSL” or “SSL / TLS” is still common.
SSL / TLS works by binding to cryptographic key pairs identities of entities such as websites and companies through digital documents known as X.509 certificates. Each key pair comprises a private key and a public key. The public key can be distributed widely via a certificate whereas the private key is kept secure.